Animal Info - Vietnam


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Vietnam and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
    • Cat Ba Island Golden-headed Langur (Trachypithecus poliocephalus).
    • Chapa Pygmy Dormouse (Typhlomys chapensis). (Endemic to Vietnam.)
    • Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus).
    • Kouprey (Bos sauveli).
    • Small-toothed Mole (Euroscaptor parvidens). (Endemic to Vietnam.)
    • Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis).
    • Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey (Rhinopithecus avunculus). (Endemic to Vietnam.)
    • Vietnam Leaf-nosed Bat (Paracoelops megalotis). (Endemic to Vietnam.)
    • White-rumped Black Lemur (Trachypithecus delacouri). (Endemic to Vietnam.)
  • Endangered:
    • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus).
    • Banteng (Bos javanicus).
    • Black Gibbon (Nomascus concolor). (Previously listed as Hylobates concolor.)
    • Black-shanked Douc Langur (Pygathrix nigripes). 
    • Douc Monkey (Pygathrix nemaeus).
    • Otter Civet (Cynogale bennetti).
    • Particolored Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger).
    • Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis).
    • Tiger (Panthera tigris).
  • Vulnerable:
    • Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus).
    • Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii). 
    • Assamese Macaque (Macaca assamensis).
    • Back-striped Weasel (Mustela strigidorsa).
    • Bourret's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus paradoxolophus).
    • Buff-cheeked Gibbon (Nomascus gabriellae). (Previously listed as Hylobates gabriellae.)
    • Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa).
    • Dhole (Cuon alpinus).
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Eld's Deer (Cervus eldi).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra).
    • Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
    • Francois' Leaf Monkey (Trachypithecus francoisi).
    • Gaur (Bos frontalis).
    • Kashmir Cave Bat (Myotis longipes). 
    • Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
    • Malayan Tapir (Tapirus indicus).
    • Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata).
    • Northern Pigtail Macaque (Macaca leonina).
    • Owston's Palm Civet (Chrotogale owstoni).
    • Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus).
    • Sikkim Rat (Rattus sikkimensis).
    • Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata). (Previously listed as Lutra perspicillata.)
    • Stumptail Macaque (Macaca arctoides).
  • Other;

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 213 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 7 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 38 (17.8 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 39 (18.3 % of total species) (IUCN 2000)

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Vietnam contains portions of the Annamite Range Moist Forests, Northern Indochina Subtropical Moist Forests, Eastern Indochina Dry & Monsoon Forests, Mekong & Salween Rivers, and Mekong River Delta Mangroves Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 75,029,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 227.7 people/sq km (589.7 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 76,235,259 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 2.1 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 329,555 sq km (127,242 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 17 %
  • Major Wetland: 1 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 4 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 30 %
  • Major Forests: 49 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 2 %, Medium: 10 %, High: 88 % (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 8,970 sq km (3,462 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 0.43 % totally protected, 2.29 % partially protected, 2.72 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)

Economy

Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $1,470 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent adult literacy: Female: 84 % (1990); Male: 92 % (1990) (WRI 1994)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, Wemmer 1998, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Vietnam): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles 

Links for VietnamPrimate Conservation in Vietnam, Vietnam News, World Wide Web Virtual Library - Vietnam,


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Last modified: August 2, 2006;

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