Animal Info - Madagascar


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur or have occurred in Madagascar and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
  • Endangered:
    • Aquatic Tenrec (Limnogale mergulus). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Diademed Sifaka (Propithecus diadema). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Falanouc (Eupleres goudotii). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus).
    • Fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Giant-striped Mongoose (Galidictis grandidieri). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Golden Brown Mouse Lemur (Microcebus ravelobensis). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Greater Long-tailed Shrew-tenrec (Microgale principula). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur (Allocebus trichotis). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Indri (Indri indri). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Major's Tufted-tailed Rat (Eliurus majori). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Malagasy Giant Rat (Hypogeomys antimena). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Narrow-striped Mongoose (Mungotictis decemlineata). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Pygmy Mouse Lemur (Microcebus myoxinus). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Pygmy Shrew-tenrec (Microgale parvula). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Ruffed Lemur (Varecia variegata). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
  • Vulnerable:
    • Black Lemur (Eulemur macaco). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Broad-striped Mongoose (Galidictis fasciata). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Brown-tailed Mongoose (Salanoia concolor). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Coquerel's Mouse Lemur (Mirza coquereli). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Crowned Lemur (Eulemur coronatus). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Dusky Shrew-tenrec (Microgale pulla). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Gracile Shrew-tenrec (Microgale gracilis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Gray-backed Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur dorsalis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Large-eared Free-tailed Bat (Otomops martiensseni).
    • Malagasy Civet (Fossa fossana). (Endemic to Madagascar.) 
    • Mongoose Lemur (Eulemur mongoz). 
    • Natal Free-tailed Bat (Mormopterus acetabulosus).
    • Northern Sportive Lemur (Lepilemur septentrionalis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Peters's Sheath-tailed Bat (Emballonura atrata). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Peters's Wrinkled-lipped Bat (Mormopterus jugularis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Red-bellied Lemur (Eulemur rubriventer). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Ring-tailed Lemur (Lemur catta). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Ring-tailed Mongoose (Galidia elegans). 
    • Sucker-footed Bat (Myzopoda aurita). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Thomas' Shrew-tenrec (Microgale thomasi). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Trouessart's Trident Bat (Triaenops furculus). 
    • Verreaux's Sifaka (Propithecus verreauxi). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Voalavoanala (Gymnuromys roberti). (Endemic to Madagascar.)
    • Western Woolly Lemur (Avahi occidentalis). (Endemic to Madagascar.)

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 105 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 77 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 46 (44 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 50 (48 % of total species) (IUCN 2000)

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Madagascar contains the Madagascar Moist Forests, Madagascar Dry Forests, Madagascar Spiny Desert, Madagascar Freshwater Ecosystems, and Western Madagascar Marine Ecosystems Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)
Madagascar is a Global Biodiversity Hotspot (Cons. Intl. 1999a)
Madagascar is a Megadiversity Country (Cons. Intl. 1999b)

Population

Population in 1995: 14,763,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 25.1 people/sq km (65.1 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 14,462,509 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 3.0 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 587,042 sq km (226,658 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 11 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 45 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 25 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 15 %
  • Major Forests: 5 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 15 %, Medium: 4 %, High: 81 % (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 11,150 sq km (4,304 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 1.25 % totally protected, 0.63 % partially protected, 1.88 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $207 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $880 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 18 % (World Bank 1992)
Percent adult literacy: Female: 73 % (1990), 43 % (1970); Male: 88 % (1990), 56 % (1970) (WRI 1994)


References and Links

References: Cons. Intl. 1999a, Cons. Intl. 1999b, Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000, IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Madagascar): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles 

Links for MadagascarBiodiversity Hotspots - Madagascar, Conservation International - Madagascar, Madagascar - Biodiversity and Conservation, a Photoessay, Madagascar Fauna Group, Madagascar Wildlife Conservation, U.S. Geological Survey - Madagascar Conservation


Top of Page | Search This Site

Home | Rarest Mammals | Species Index | Species Groups Index | Country Index | Links


Last modified: November 5, 2005;

1999 - 2014 Animal Info. Endangered animals of the world. SJ Contact Us.