Animal Info - Japan


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Japan and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
    • Bonin Fruit Bat (Pteropus pselaphon). (Endemic to Japan.) 
    • Gloomy Tube-nosed Bat (Murina tenebrosa). (Endemic to Japan.) 
    • Muennink's Spiny Rat (Tokudaia muenninki). (Endemic to Japan.) 
  • Endangered:
    • Amami Rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus).
    • Echigo Mole (Mogera etigo). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Endo's Pipistrelle (Bat) (Pipistrellus endoi). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus).
    • Frosted Myotis ( Bat) (Myotis pruinosus). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Honshu Myotis (Bat) (Myotis ozensis). (Endemic to Japan.) 
    • Imaizumi's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus imaizumii). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Japanese Dormouse (Glirulus japonicus). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Lesser Roundleaf Bat (Hipposideros turpis). 
    • Marianas Flying Fox (Pteropus mariannus). 
    • Orii's Shrew (Crocidura orii). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Ryukyu Flying Fox (Pteropus dasymallus). 
    • Ryukyu Long-tailed Giant Rat (Diplothrix legatus). (Endemic to Japan.) 
    • Ryukyu Mole (Neoscaptor uchidai). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Ryukyu Spiny Rat (Tokudaia osimensis). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Sado Mole (Mogera tokudae). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Sado Shrew (Sorex sadonis). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris). 
    • Sei Whale (Balaenoptera borealis).
    • Steller's Sea Lion (Eumetopias jubatus). 
  • Vulnerable:
    • Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus).
    • Azumi Shrew (Sorex hosonoi). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena).
    • Hosono's Myotis (Bat) (Myotis hosonoi). (Endemic to Japan.) 
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Japanese Mountain Mole (Euroscaptor mizura). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Northern Fur Seal (Callorhinus ursinus).
    • Southeast Asian Long-fingered Bat (Miniopterus fuscus). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • Sperm Whale (Physeter catodon).
    • Taiwan Macaque (Macaca cyclopis). (Introduced populations.)
    • Wakayama Red-backed Vole (Phaulomys andersoni). (Endemic to Japan.)
    • White Whale (Delphinapterus leucas). 
    • Yoshiyuki's Myotis ( Bat) (Myotis yesoensis). (Endemic to Japan.) 
  • Other:

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 132 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 38 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 29 (22 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 40 (30 % of total species) (IUCN 2000)

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Japan contains the Nansei Shoto Archipelago Forests, Lake Biwa, and Nansei Shoto Marine Ecosystems Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 125,236,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 331.5 people/sq km (858.5 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998
: 125,931,533 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 0.6 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 377,815 sq km (145,875 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 21 %
  • Polar and Alpine: 1 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 5 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 18 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 27 %
  • Major Forests: 30 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 0 %; Medium: 40 %; High: 61 % (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 46,640 sq km (18,003 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 3.54 % totally protected; 9.07 % partially protected; 12.61 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $26,824 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $22,700 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 97 % (World Bank 1992)
Percent adult literacy: Female: 99 % (1970); Male: 99 % (1970) (WRI 1994)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Japan): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for JapanConservation International - Japan (English and Japanese), The Nature Conservancy - Japan, United Nations Environment Program - Japan, WWF Japan (Japanese)


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Last modified: January 10, 2006;

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