Animal Info - Glossary D
- 1. Relating to seasonal loss of leaves; 2. relating to teeth that are replaced by
- Deciduous forest
- A temperate or tropical forest with moderate rainfall and marked seasons. The trees
usually shed their leaves during either cold or dry seasons.
- Delayed implantation
- The reproductive process whereby, after fertilization, the embryo divides a few times
and then floats free in the uterus, without further development, for some time (that,
depending on the animal, can include up to more than six months) before implanting on the uterine
wall and resuming development.
- Dwelling at or near the bottom of a body of water.
- Related to the numbers and density of a population and to changes in the numbers and
- A shelter, natural or constructed, used for sleeping, for giving birth and raising
young, and/or for providing shelter during winter.
- Density dependence
- The phenomenon by which the values of vital rates such as survivorship and fecundity depend on the density of the population.
- The number, kind, form and arrangement of teeth.
- Areas of low rainfall, typically with sparse scrub or grassland vegetation, or without
- Loose material, such as rock fragments or organic particles, that results from
disintegration, decay, or wearing away.
- One of the classes of flowering plants, characterized by the presence of two seed leaves
in the young plant, and by net-veined, often broad leaves, in mature plants. Includes deciduous trees.
- Related to a 24-hour period that usually includes a day and the adjoining
- A finger or toe.
- Relating to an animal that walks on its toes; as opposed to plantigrade.
- The occurrence of two distinct forms of structure, size, coloring, or other
characteristic in a single species. "Sexual dimorphism" occurs where dimorphism
exists between the male and female.
- Dipterocarp forest
- Dry-land tropical rain forest located in Southeast Asia that is characterized by
dominance of the Dipterocarpaceae family of trees, which is the main timber
family in the forests of Southeast Asia, and usually forms a high proportion of the
emergent and main canopy strata of the forest. This type of forest is evergreen, hygrophilous in character, at least 30 m (100') high,
and rich in thick-stemmed lianas and woody as well as
herbaceous epiphytic growth. These forests are located
in the non-seasonal humid zone stretching from Sumatra in the west, through the Malay
archipelago, to New Guinea in the east. They comprise at least three-quarters of the
forests of Southeast Asia. (Manokaran 1995)
- Movement of an animal away from its previous home range. Often refers to the movement of
a young animal away from the home range where it was born when it matures.
- Any conspicuous pattern of behavior that conveys information to others, usually to
members of the same species; e.g. threat or courtship displays.
- Farthest from the body.
- Active during daylight hours.
- Diversity - alpha
- The number of species coexisting within a uniform habitat or a single community (this is
the traditional concept of "species diversity").
- Diversity - beta
- As habitats change along a topographic or climatic gradient, new species are encountered
as other species drop out, and this species turnover rate is termed "beta
diversity" - a function of changing habitat. An example would be the rate at which
the species composition of moss communities changes as you go higher on a mountain slope.
- Diversity - gamma
- The rate at which additional species are encountered as geographic replacements within a
habitat type in different localities; i.e., the species turnover rate with distance
between sites of similar habitat, or with expanding geographic areas.
- DNA ("DeoxyriboNucleic Acid") is a long molecule in the
shape of a double-stranded helix. It is a polymer (a molecule of similar repeating units
which are linked together by a common bonding mechanism) made up of subunits known as
nucleotides (which are made up of a phosphate, a sugar, and a base). In DNA, the sugar is
deoxyribose. Four bases occur in DNA, and its sequence of paired bases constitute the
genetic code of an organism. Particular segments of the DNA molecule constitute genes.
- Inactive for an extended period. For example, many bears are dormant for a period in
winter. As opposed to animals which are hibernating,
their pulse rate and body temperature do not decrease significantly.
- On the upper or top side or surface; e.g. "dorsal fin".
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Last modified: March 9, 2006, 2005;