Animal Info - Glossary L

Lactation
Lactation refers to the secretion and yielding of milk by females after giving birth.
Lateritic
Lateritic soils are comprised of a wide variety of red, brown, and yellow soils. They are characterized by the presence of iron and aluminum oxides or hydroxides, particularly those of iron, which give the colors to the soils.
Lead
1) An area of open water within the Arctic ice pack that is caused by shifting of the ice pack; 2) any fracture or passage-way through sea ice that is navigable by surface vessels.
Leeward Islands
The Leeward Islands include the Virgin Islands, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Antigua, Barbuda, St. Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla. They're called the Leeward Islands because they are away from the wind ("lee"). The Leeward Islands are part of the Lesser Antilles of the Caribbean Sea.
Legume
A plant of the family Leguminosae (Fabaceae), which has a pod containing dry seeds, as well as nodules on the roots that contain nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The family includes herbs, shrubs and trees such as peas, beans, lentils, clover, and alfalfa.
Leguminous
Relating to or consisting of plants that are legumes.
Liana
A climbing plant.
Lichen
A lichen is a symbiotic association of a specific fungus and a specific alga that is so integrated functionally and morphologically that a third kind of organism is formed which resembles neither of its components.  Lichens are usually classified as single "species" even though they are composed of two unrelated species.  They grow on a solid surface such as rock or bark.
Lineage
A group of individuals or species whose descent can be traced back to a common ancestor.
Llano
Semi-arid savanna found in South America.
Lobtailing
Slapping the water repeatedly with the flukes.
Locomotion
The act or power of moving from place to place.
Loess
An unstratified, usually buff to yellowish brown, loamy deposit found in North America, Europe, and Asia and believed to be chiefly deposited by the wind (Merriam-Webster Online).
Longitudinal
Extending lengthwise.
Lowveld
See "Veld".

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Last modified: June 3, 2006;

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