Animal Info - Philippines


Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links

Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in the Philippines and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2003 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
  • Endangered:
    • Calamian Deer (Axis calamianensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Dinagat Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat (Crateromys australis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Dinagat Moonrat (Podogymnura aureospinula). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Golden-capped Fruit Bat (Acerodon jubatus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindanao Gymnure (Podogymnura truei). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindoro Shrew (Crocidura mindorus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mt. Isarog Shrew-mouse (Archboldomys luzonensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.) 
    • Mt. Malindang Shrew (Crocidura grandis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Northern Palawan Tree Squirrel (Sundasciurus juvencus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Soft-furred Mountain Rat (Palawanomys furvus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Panay bushy-tailed cloud rat ( Panay cloud runner) (Crateromys heaneyi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Visayan Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • White-winged Flying Fox (Pteropus leucopterus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
  • Vulnerable:
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Fischer's Pygmy Fruit Bat (Haplonycteris fischeri). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Flying Lemur (Cynocephalus volans). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Giant Bushy-tailed Cloud Rat (Crateromys schadenbergi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Large Mindoro Forest Mouse (Apomys gracilirostris). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Lesser Ranee Mouse (Haeromys pusillus).
    • Little Golden-mantled Flying Fox (Pteropus pumilus).
    • Long-nosed Luzon Forest Mouse (Apomys sacobianus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Luzon Fruit Bat (Otopteropus cartilagonodus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Luzon Shrew (Crocidura grayi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Luzon Striped Rat (Chrotomys whiteheadi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mearns' Luzon Rat (Tryphomys adustus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindanao Pygmy Fruit Bat (Alionycteris paucidentata). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindanao Shrew (Crocidura beatus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindoro Black Rat (Rattus mindorensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mindoro Climbing Rat (Anonymomys mindorensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Mt. Isarog Shrew-rat (Rhynchomys isarogensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Fruit Bat (Acerodon leucotis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Montane Squirrel (Sundasciurus rabori). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Shrew (Crocidura palawanensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Stink Badger (Mydaus marchei). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Palawan Tree Shrew (Tupaia palawanensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Philippine Gray Flying Fox (Pteropus speciosus).
    • Philippine Tree Shrew (Urogale everetti). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Philippine Warty Pig (Sus philippensis). 
    • Samar Squirrel (Sundasciurus samarensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Small Rufous Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus subrufus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Southern Giant Slender-tailed Cloud Rat (Phloeomys cumingi). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Spiny Long-footed Rat (Tarsomys echinatus). (Endemic to the Philippines.)
    • Tawitawi Island Rat (Rattus tawitawiensis). (Endemic to the Philippines.)

Environmental and Social Data


Total number of species: 153 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 97 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 49 (32 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 50 (33 % of total species) (IUCN 2000)


Philippines contains the Philippines Moist Forest and the Palawan & Mindanao Streams & Lakes (Lake Lanao) Global 200 Ecoregions as well as portions of the Northern Borneo-Palawan Moist Forests, Sulu Sea, and Sulawesi Sea Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)
Philippines is a Global Biodiversity Hotspot (Cons. Intl. 1999a)
Philippines is a Megadiversity Country (Cons. Intl. 1999b)


Population in 1995: 68,424,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 228.1 people/sq km (590.7 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 77,725,862 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 2.4 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 300,001 sq km (115,831 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 32 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 2 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 22 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 13 %
  • Major Forests: 31 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 3 %, Medium: 10 %, High: 87 % (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 5,730 sq km (2,212 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 0.75 % totally protected, 1.16 % partially protected, 1.91 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)


Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $728 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $2,600 (World Almanac 1999)


Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 75 % (World Bank 1992)
Percent adult literacy: Female: 90 % (1990), 81 % (1970); Male: 90 % (1990), 84 % (1970) (WRI 1994)

References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for the Philippines): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles 

Links for the PhilippinesEndangered Endemic Species of the Philippines (archive site), Haribon Foundation for the Conservation of Natural Resources, Negros Forest Ecological Foundation Inc. (NFEFI), Philippine Biodiversity, Philippine Mammals, Philippine Sustainable Development Network, U.S. Agency for International Development - Philippines, World Wide Web Virtual Library - Philippines, WWF - Philippines

Top of Page | Search This Site

Home | Rarest Mammals | Species Index | Species Groups Index | Country Index | Links

Last modified: March 11, 2006;

1999 - 2019 Animal Info. Endangered animals of the world.  Contact Us.