Animal Info - Yemen


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Yemen and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Endangered:
    • Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana).
  • Vulnerable:
    • Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas). 
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Sind Bat (Eptesicus nasutus).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 66 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 2 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 5 (8 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 4 (6 % of total species) (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Yemen contains the Socotra Island Desert Global 200 Ecoregion as well as portions of the Arabian Fog Woodlands & Shrublands, Red Sea Marine Ecosystems, and Arabian Sea & Persian Gulf Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 13,215,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 25.0 people/sq km (64.8 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 16,387,963 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 3.1 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 527,969 sq km (203,850 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 7 %
  • Desert and Semi-desert: 11 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 74 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 3 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 6 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 34 %, Medium: 66 %, High: 0 % (WRI 1994)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $557 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $2,900 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Yemen): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for YemenArab Net: Yemen, Arabian Wildlife Magazine Online


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Last modified: August 3, 2006;

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