Animal Info - Vanuatu

(Formerly New Hebrides)


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Vanuatu and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Vulnerable:
    • Banks Flying Fox (Pteropus fundatus). (Endemic to Vanuatu.)
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Long-tailed Fruit Bat (Notopteris macdonaldii).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 12 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 2 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 3* (25 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 4 (20 % of total species) (IUCN 2000[*Whales were not listed by country in 1996.]

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Vanuatu contains portions of the South Pacific Marine Ecosystems Global 200 Ecoregion (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 174,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 11.8 people/sq km (30.5 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 185,204 (World Almanac 1999)

Area

Area: 14,763 sq km (5,700 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Economy

Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $1,230 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Vanuatu): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for VanuatuUnited Nations Environment Program - Vanuatu, Vanuatu Online


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Last modified: November 4, 2005;

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