Animal Info - Ukraine

(Part of the former Soviet Union )


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area, Economy), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in the Ukraine and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Critically Endangered:
    • Mediterranean Monk Seal (Monachus monachus). 
  • Endangered:
    • European Bison (Bison bonasus). (Re-introduced populations.)
  • Vulnerable:
    • Bechstein's Bat (Myotis bechsteini).
    • Bukovin Mole Rat (Spalax graecus).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • European Squirrel (Spermophilus citellus).
    • Garden Dormouse (Eliomys quercinus).
    • Geoffroy's Bat (Myotis emarginatus). 
    • Greater Mole Rat (Spalax microphthalmus).
    • Harbor Porpoise (Phocoena phocoena).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros). 
    • Lesser Mole Rat (Nannospalax leucodon).
    • Mediterranian Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus euryale).
    • Pond Bat (Myotis dasycneme).
    • Russian Desman (Desmana moschata).
    • Sandy Mole Rat (Spalax arenarius). (Endemic to the Ukraine.)
    • Spotted Souslik (Spermophilus suslicus).
    • Western Barbastelle (Barbastella barbastellus). 

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Number of endemic species: 1 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 15 (IUCN 1996); 2000: 18 (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Ukraine contains portions of the Caucasus & Northeast Anatolia Temperate Forests, Southern European Montane Forests, and Danube River Delta Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 52,000,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 86.1 people/sq km (222.9 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 50,125,108 (World Almanac 1999)

Area

Area: 604,260 sq km (233,306 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $2,191 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $3,170 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Ukraine): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country Profiles


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Last modified: November 8, 2005;

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