Animal Info - Iraq


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Iraq and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Vulnerable:
    • Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Lesser Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros). 
    • Long-fingered Bat (Myotis capaccinii).
    • Mehely's Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus mehelyi).
    • Sind Bat (Eptesicus nasutus).
    • Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata). (Previously Lutra perspicillata.) 
    • Wild Goat (Capra aegagrus). 

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 81 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 1 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 7 (9 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 11 (14 % of total species) (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Iraq contains portions of the Mesopotamian Delta & Marshes Global 200 Ecoregion (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)

Population

Population in 1995: 20,644,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 47.1 people/sq km (122.0 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 21,722,287 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 3.6 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 438,317 sq km (169,235 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Desert and Semi-desert: 30 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 34 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 33 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 2 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 25 %; Medium: 57 %; High: 17 % (WRI 1994)

Education

Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 37 % (World Bank 1992)
Percent adult literacy: Female: 49 % (1990), 18 % (1970); Male: 70 % (1990), 50 % (1970) (WRI 1994)

Economy

Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $2,000 (World Almanac 1999)


References and Links

References: Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Iraq): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for IraqIraq's Mission to the United Nations, United Nations Development Program - Iraq


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Last modified: August 2, 2006;

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