Animal Info - Bangladesh

(Formerly East Pakistan)


Contents

Threatened Species, Environmental and Social Data (Mammals, Biodiversity/Ecosystems, Population, Area/Land Use, Protected Lands, Economy, Education), References and Links


Threatened Species

Threatened Species: The following list includes all mammals which occur in Bangladesh and are rated as Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN) or Vulnerable (VU) in the 2004 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals

  • Endangered:
    • Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus).
    • Banteng (Bos javanicus). 
    • Blue Whale (Balaenoptera musculus).
    • Capped Langur (Trachypithecus pileatus). 
    • Fin Whale (Balaenoptera physalus).
    • Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica).
    • Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus).
    • Hoolock Gibbon (Bunipithecus hoolock). 
    • Particolored Flying Squirrel (Hylopetes alboniger).
    • Tiger (Panthera tigris).
  • Vulnerable:
    • Asiatic Black Bear (Ursus thibetanus).
    • Asiatic Golden Cat (Catopuma temminckii).
    • Assam Macaque (Macaca assamensis). 
    • Barasingha (Cervus duvaucelii). 
    • Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra). 
    • Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa). 
    • Dhole (Cuon alpinus).
    • Dugong (Dugong dugon).
    • Eurasian Otter (Lutra lutra). 
    • Fishing Cat (Prionailurus viverrinus).
    • Gaur (Bos frontalis). 
    • Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae).
    • Irrawaddy Squirrel (Callosciurus pygerythrus).
    • Mainland Serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).
    • Northern Pigtail Macaque (Macaca leonina).
    • Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus).
    • Smooth-coated Otter (Lutrogale perspicillata). 
    • Stumptail Macaque (Macaca arctoides).

Environmental and Social Data

Mammals

Total number of species: 109 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of endemic species: 0 (Groombridge & Jenkins 1994)
Number of threatened species: 1996: 18 (16.5 % of total species) (IUCN 1996); 2000: 26 (24 % of total species) (IUCN 2000

Biodiversity/Ecosystems

Bangladesh contains portions of the Northeastern India & Myanmar Hill Forests, Terai-Duar Savannas & Grasslands, and Sundarbans Mangroves Global 200 Ecoregions (Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999)
Bangladesh contains portions of the Eastern Himalayas Global Biodiversity Hotspot (Cons. Intl. 1999a)

Population

Population in 1995: 119,184,000 (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population density in 1995: 827.7 people/sq km (2143.7 people/sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Population in 1998: 127,567,002 (World Almanac 1999)
Average population growth rate, 1980 - 1990: 2.3 % (World Bank 1992)

Area/Land Use

Area: 143,998 sq km (55,598 sq mi) (Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995)
Percentages of primary world ecosystem types:

  • Other Coastal Aquatic: 7 %
  • Grass and Shrub: 5 %
  • Crop and Settlements: 42 %
  • Interrupted Woods: 25 %
  • Major Forests: 20 %

(Groombridge 1992)

Percent of land area classified as the following degree of human disturbance: Low: 0 %; Medium: 19 %; High: 81 % (WRI 1994)

Protected Lands

Area: 970 sq km (374 sq mi) (Groombridge 1992)
Percent of land protected: 0 % totally protected; 0.67 % partially protected, 0.67 % totally or partially protected (Groombridge 1992)

Economy

Per capita GNP ($ U.S.) (1991): $205 (WRI 1994)
Per capita GDP ($ U.S.) (1996): $1,260 (World Almanac 1999)

Education

Percent of females in secondary education (1989): 11 % (World Bank 1992)
Percent adult literacy: Female: 22 % (1990), 12 % (1970); Male:, 47 % (1990), 36 % (1970) (WRI 1994)


References and Links

References: Cons. Intl. 1999a, Groombridge 1992, Groombridge & Jenkins 1994, IUCN 1994, IUCN 1996, IUCN 2000IUCN 2004, Natl. Geog. Soc. 1995, Olson & Dinerstein 1998, Olson & Dinerstein 1999, World Almanac 1999, World Bank 1992, WRI 1994

General Links (After you get to one of these sites, click on the link for Bangladesh): CIA World Factbook, Foreign Embassies of Washington, D.C., Library of Congress - Country Studies, University of Texas - Country Maps, Washington Post - Countries, World Resources Institute - Country ProfilesLinks for BangladeshUnited Nations Environment Program - Bangladesh, World Wide Web Virtual Library - Bangladesh


Top of Page | Search This Site

Home | Rarest Mammals | Species Index | Species Groups Index | Country Index | Links


Last modified: February 18, 2006;

1999 - 2014 Animal Info. Endangered animals of the world. SJ Contact Us.